Port is a sweet fortified wine from the Douro River valley in Portugal. It generally comes in two varieties:
Wood Port or Tawny Port (barrel aged) are aged using the oxidative process for a minimum of seven years in wooden barrels. Examples are Tawny, Colheita, and Garrafeira.
Vintage Port or Ruby Port (bottle aged) are aged using the reductive process for three to five years in concrete or stainless-steel containers. Examples are Ruby, Pink, white and LBV or Late Bottled Vintage
Port holds up very well to aging and can easily be stored in a wine cellar for decades.
It is worth noting that "the" classic port pairing is Vintage Port with Stilton cheese for dessert or after dinner. If your Vintage Port is in short supply, this pairing works beautifully with any ruby port.
Port wine has a high alcohol content ranging between 19 - 22% by volume. Its color and sweetness vary according to the different types of port.
Barrel-aged ports have a mellow to golden brown color and a sweet "nutty" flavor.
Bottle-aged ports have a clear to dark ruby colour
Selecting and Buying
Preparation and Use
Port should be served around 65 degrees in a standard port glass
Conserving and Storing
An unopened bottle should be stored in a cool, dry place away from sunlight.