Other names: Queen of the Forest, Chanterelles, Golden Chanterelles
Translations: Gailene sēnes, Voveraitėmis, Chanterelle Ciuperci, Gljive Chanterelle, Nấm Chanterelle, Kurkami, Paddestoelen, छांटरैल मशरूम, Chanterelle Cogumelos, Лисичками, Chanterelle Μανιτάρια, شانتيريل الفطر, 살구 버섯 버섯, Liškami, Цхантерелле Печурке, Kabute ng chanterelle mushrooms, 鸡油菌蘑菇, Chanterelle bolets, Lisička Gobe, Líška, Finferli, Chanterelle פטריות, Kantareller, Chanterelle Jamur, シャンテレールキノコ, Girolles, Pfifferlingen, Kantarel Svampe, Kantareller sopper, Chanterelle setas, Лисичками, Kantarelli Sienet, Гъби пачи крак
Chanterelles are a fleshy aromatic mushroom that can vary greatly in size and shape. In the Pacific Northwest, they are often the size of a fist, and can be as large as two hand spans--from little finger to little finger. Chanterelles weighing as much as two pounds are not uncommon. The texture of the mushroom is tender.The Chanterelle has a trumpet-shaped cap with a beautiful pastel orange color - often described as either apricot, or the color of orange sherbet. The Chanterelle's mushroom-y flavor is laced with a fruity scent, reminiscent to some of apricots.
Colors: beige to orangey brown
Flavors: sweet and earthy
Mouthfeel: Soft, Buttery
Food complements: Steak, Polenta, Cheese, Garlic, Olive oil
Wine complements: White wine, Red wine
Beverage complements: Beer, Hard cider
Substitutes: Morels, White mushrooms, Shitakes, Dried chanterelles
Selecting and Buying
Seasonality: September, Cctober, November
Peak: September, October, November
Choosing: They should have a fragrant odor. The color should be golden or apricot. They should not be slimy or have dark, decaying parts. The gills should not be granular, or fragmenting off the fleshy portion of the mushrooms.
Buying: Chanterelles can be found in supermarkets and farmers markets in the late summer through the fall. Dried Chanterelles are available year round at most grocers and online.
Procuring: Chanterelles grow in the wild. Efforts to cultivate them are mostly unsuccessful. They will reappear in the same places year after year if carefully harvested so as not to disturb the ground in which the mycelium (the vegetative part of the mushroom) grows. There are yearly variations--some years more mushrooms, some less. They fruit from September to February on the West Coast and almost all summer in the east, sometimes coming up in several flushes. We think of them as promiscuous in their plant relationships, because we have found their mycelial threads intertwined with the roots of hardwood trees, conifers, shrubs, and bushes. They enjoy deep, old leaf litter.
Preparation and Use
Cut them into large chunks or slices, so that the maximum amount of flavor can be appreciated. Chanterelles are meaty and chewy. One of the best ways to cook them is to slice and sauté them in butter. Cream,sherry, half and half and chicken broth are all good additions
Cleaning: Use a toothbrush or a nylon mushroom brush to whisk away any surface material. In order to clean small particles of sand or dirt caught between the rounded gills, you must brush them under a slowly running faucet. Do not soak them. In general, the less water the better. Drain them on paper towels. They keep well if allowed to remain in a waxed paper or brown paper bag in the refrigerator until they are cleaned.
Conserving and Storing
Mushroom store best in a paper bag and not cleaned until ready to use. Cleaned chanterelles may also be stored in the refrigerator for a few days. They should be loosely arranged in a bowl lined with cloth or paper towels and covered lightly with towels. Chanterelles can be cooked and frozen or dried, however they will lose some of their flavor and aroma.