Wash the arugula well and tear it into bite-size pieces. Dry it well on paper towels or with a salad spinner. Oil-based dressings won't stick to wet leaves.
Toss the quartered figs with the leaves. In a small bowl, whisk together the lemon juice, olive oil, salt and pepper. Toss the dressing with the salad. Serve immediately.
Note: Good, meaty tomatoes are a rarity this time of year, but those hankering for a taste of a beefsteak can make do with cherry tomatoes. These are easy to find and still pack plenty of juicy flavor.