Black Cohosh is a herb.It is a tall perennial plant in the buttercup family that grows in eastern and central areas of the United States. Black cohosh was used by Native Americans as a traditional folk remedy for womens' health conditions, such as menstrual cramps and hot flashes, arthritis, muscle pain, sore throat, cough and indigestion. The juice of the plant was used as an insect repellent and was made into a salve and applied to snake bites.Today, black cohosh is used primarily as a nutritional supplement for hot flashes, mood swings, night sweats, vaginal dryness and other symptoms that can occur during menopause, as well as for menstrual cramps and bloating.The parts of the plant used medicinally are the fresh or dried roots and rhizomes (underground stems).cohosh is an Indian word meaning "rough".Black Cohos roots have been a
traditional source of medicinal support for women over 50 years of age.black cohosh is aslo called bugbane, snake root
,bugwort,fairy candles, rattleweed, rattleroot,and squaw root.
Selecting and Buying
Women with breast cancer may want to avoid black cohosh until its effects on breast tissue are understood.
Individuals with liver disorders should avoid black cohosh.
Individuals who develop symptoms of liver trouble such as abdominal pain, dark urine, or jaundice while taking the supplement should discontinue use and contact their doctor.
Preparation and Use
Preparations of black cohosh are made from its roots and rhizomes (underground stems). One commercial standardized black cohosh preparation is Remifemin, which contains black cohosh extract equivalent to 20 mg of root per tablet. The manufacturer changed the formulation of this preparation from a solution (root extracted with ethanol, 60% by volume) to tablets (root extracted with isopropyl alcohol, 40% by volume), complicating the comparison of research results. Other preparations of black cohosh have been less well studied than Remifemin.